Rethinking Globalization: A Walk Back to Reason By Celestine Chidozie



German existentialist, Martin Heidegger opined in his classic Being and Time, that man is a “being-with-others”. Though by that, he did not state something new but he affirmed a truth of reason. Man is a being of affectivity; he needs the other. In the most common parlance, we say "no man is an Island".
In the light of this , we see globalization as an
improved way of living out our human nature through the help of technology which is also very susceptible to perversion.
Peter Singer in his book, One World eulogized globalization when he writes that "In London supermarkets, fresh vegetables flown in from Kenya are offered for sale alongside those from nearby Kent. ....... Instant digital communication spreads the nature of international trade from actual goods to skilled services. At the end of the day's trading, a bank based in New York may have its accounts balanced by clerks living in India"
We can add to Singer's list that thousands of refuges besiege Europe from Syria with hope to find a place to lay their heads away from their war-torn country. That is the beauty of a global community, one in which boundaries are disappearing. Hence, today we can speak of global citizenship.
Global market forces provide incentives for every nation to free up the private sector, reduce bureaucracy to the minimum, control inflation and attract foreign investment. This is an aspect that many African states need tutelage on to strengthen their economies.
Within the structures of World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations, progress have been made in the exchange of ‘econo-political’ expertise among nations.
The foregoing testimonies seem to dwarf the argument of some Afrizealots who argue that an Africa uncontaminated by Europe would have been the best world to live in. No matter how parochial that might sound, it is not absolute nonsense. There is a provocation behind every negative reaction.
Lets get to the point now. A human society that is not governed by laws and norms is unthinkable. Certainly, we have global economy, global politics, global communication, international laws (and law courts) but ain't we lacking the most essential? Global ethics.
How well we come through this era of globalization depends largely, if not entirely on our moral disposition to the idea of one world. It is a given that in every family or every form of human gathering, there are pace- setters, opinion molders, or simply put, those that others look up to as models. Europe and America by default fit into the position by virtue of their rich history in civilization and unrivaled achievements in various facets of human endeavor.
However, based on contemporary social realities before us, we can categorically state that most recent events emanating from Europe and America, the "big brothers" of the global village are to say the least, irrational and an affront to human nature.
Postmodern Europe and America are taking humanity down the road of aberration. Thus imminent danger of de-naturalization and dehumanization of the human society through the postmodern logic of undifferentiated pluralism, moral relativism, atheistic secularization and defilement of human "Reason". This culture is rapidly taking root in other nations of the world.
It is high time we thought over the basis of globalization and of our shared humanity. We need to raise the flag of Reason. It becomes clearer by day that human reason is being sidelined due to its uncompromising upbraiding of those who stray from it. The crisis of our time is crisis of reason; many want to live against reason and as such have declared war on tradition, orthodoxy and any institution that dare to defend reason. Regrettably, those behind the mask have the media with them. It explains the rationale behind unrelenting and merciless media assaults on institutions such as the Roman pontificate that defend reason.
If we must come well through this era of globalization, we all need to take a walk back to reason for only through loyalty to human reason can we have a global ethics and norms of conduct. Human life is end-oriented. We are not chance products of purposeless evolution. Aristotle affirmed happiness as the end of our actions, but happiness is founded on reason because reason illuminates the good (moral truth).
Globalization without morality is a suicidal. We must rediscover universal morality. Away with this madness that says “all positions are equally valid”. It is a symptom of ratiophobia.
Celestine Chidozie
Writes from Lagos


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